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汽車異響詳細分析

來源:http://www.pxhecheng.com發布時間:2021-12-02 19:49:10

1、車身異響
1. Abnormal car body noise
這個問題通常是因為車身剛度不夠,導致車輛在行駛中發生形變,車門與車框摩擦或者抖動,或者有的地方脫焊而產生鋼板之間的摩擦等。在門窗上貼膠條或者在摩擦部位墊橡膠等方法或許可以減輕或者消除異響,但治標不治本。
This problem is usually caused by insufficient body stiffness, resulting in deformation of the vehicle during driving, friction or shaking between the door and the frame, or friction between steel plates due to desoldering in some places. Sticking rubber strips on doors and windows or padding rubber on friction parts may reduce or eliminate abnormal noise, but the symptoms are not the root cause.
2、發動機艙異響
2. Abnormal noise in engine compartment
發動機震動發出一些聲音是正?,F象,但有些特殊的聲音和可能就意味著潛在的故障了。比如比較刺耳皮帶嘯叫聲,這一般是因為皮帶打滑造成的;發動機運轉時金屬件干摩擦的尖銳聲音,這一般是發電機、水泵、轉向助力泵軸承損壞的原因。
It is normal for the engine to vibrate and make some sounds, but some special sounds and may mean potential faults. For example, the squealing of the belt is usually caused by the belt slipping; The sharp sound of dry friction of metal parts when the engine is running, which is generally the cause of damage to the bearings of generator, water pump and power steering pump.
3、輪胎異響
3. Abnormal tire noise
輪胎響聲一定是有節奏的,而且車速快頻率就高。如果是低沉的“啪啪”聲,多半是輪胎胎面變形、起包、磨損嚴重或氣壓不足;如果是“嗒嗒”聲,則可能是胎面夾雜了小石子。如果輪胎呼呼呼地響,而且車身明顯抖動甚至方向跑偏,不用說肯定是輪胎爆了,下車換胎吧。
The tire sound must be rhythmic, and the frequency is high when the vehicle speed is fast. If it is a low "pop" sound, it is mostly due to tire tread deformation, bagging, serious wear or insufficient air pressure; If it is a "click", it may be that the tread is mixed with small stones. If the tire is whistling, and the body shakes obviously or even deviates, needless to say, it must be a burst tire. Get off and change the tire.
4、變速箱有異響
4. The transmission makes abnormal noise
車子在怠速情況下出現噪音,踩下離合器后噪音消失,表明噪音來源是變速箱出現故障而引起。
The noise occurs when the car is idling. The noise disappears after pressing the clutch, indicating that the noise source is caused by the failure of the transmission.
變速箱出現異響一般是由軸承或齒輪磨損導致。車子在行駛中猛加油時,可以聽到從底盤處發出的噪音。齒輪發出“咔咔”的響聲,軸承故障這時會發出“沙沙”的聲音,嚴重時會變成“嘎啦嘎啦”響或“咻咻”的聲音。變速箱維修費用較高,因此,一定要經常檢查,勤換油。
Abnormal noise of gearbox is generally caused by bearing or gear wear. The noise from the chassis can be heard when the car is refuelling vigorously. The gear makes a "click" sound. When the bearing fails, it will make a "rustle" sound. In serious cases, it will become a "rattle" sound or "whew". The maintenance cost of the gearbox is high. Therefore, it must be checked frequently and the oil must be changed frequently.

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5、剎車異響
5. Abnormal brake noise
當好幾天都持續出現一剎車就嘶嘶的響聲,而且越來越大,聲音越來越密,就說明剎車片快沒有了。 剎車片一般在底部都有一些硬的金屬碎屑,是故意放進去的,磨到這些碎屑,就會發出金屬摩擦的嘶嘶的聲音,就是告訴車主剎車片快沒有了,這時候就應該更換剎車片了。
When there is a hissing sound when braking for several days, and the sound is getting louder and louder, it means that the brake pads are almost gone. Generally, there are some hard metal debris at the bottom of the brake pad, which is deliberately put in. When these debris are worn, there will be a hissing sound of metal friction, which is to tell the owner that the brake pad is almost gone, and the brake pad should be replaced at this time.
請注意,區別是沙粒還是剎車片快沒有了,就是響聲持續時間。 如果持續一周或者半個月都有響聲,而且越來越大,就是剎車片的事情了。否則就是其他原因,不要誤換了剎車片。
Please note that the difference is whether the sand particles or the brake pads are almost gone, that is, the duration of the sound. If there is a noise for a week or half a month, and it is getting louder and louder, it is the brake pad. Otherwise, there are other reasons. Don't replace the brake pads by mistake.
6、懸掛有異響
6. Abnormal noise from suspension
行駛在路上,特別是顛簸的路邊,懸掛會發出各種奇怪的聲響,這個時候你就要重視了,有時候這是正常的顛簸的聲音也可能是潛在的汽車故障。引起懸掛異響的原因有多方面的,但是也很容易被其他異響混淆。所以車主應當能有一點的辨別能力。當一到顛簸路面,4個輪子附近就發出“咚咚”或者“咔嚓”的聲音,很可能是減震器或者懸掛部件故障,這個時候就要及時到店檢修了。
When driving on the road, especially on the bumpy roadside, the suspension will make all kinds of strange sounds. You should pay attention to it at this time. Sometimes this is normal, and the bumpy sound may also be a potential car fault. There are many reasons for abnormal suspension noise, but it is also easy to be confused by other abnormal noises. Therefore, the owner should be able to have a little discrimination. When you get to the bumpy road, there is a "thump" or "click" sound near the four wheels, which is likely to be the fault of the shock absorber or suspension parts. At this time, you should go to the store for maintenance in time.
7、方向盤異響
7. Abnormal noise of steering wheel
方向盤的重要性不用多說了,沒了方向剩下就是事故了。方向盤異響的主要原因有:
The importance of the steering wheel goes without saying. Without the steering wheel, the rest is an accident. The main causes of abnormal steering wheel noise are:
①轉向橫拉桿球頭老化、有曠量。更換轉向橫拉桿球頭,但在更換之后需要做四輪定位。
① The ball joint of the steering tie rod is aging and has clearance. Replace the tie rod ball joint, but four-wheel alignment is required after replacement.
②方向機防塵套漏油。更換防塵套或者重新打黃油即可解決。
② The steering gear dust boot leaks oil. Replace the dust boot or re grease it.
③轉向機故障。如果打方向傳來比較駭人的“咯噔咯噔”的異響,有可能是轉向機配合齒輪間隙過大造成的,需要更換轉向機。
③ Steering gear failure. If there is a terrible "clattering clattering" noise in the steering direction, it may be caused by the excessive clearance of the matching gear of the steering gear, and the steering gear needs to be replaced.
④助力皮帶松緊度不當或老化。對于機械液壓助力,如果助力皮帶松緊不當或者老化,就會傳來異響聲,調整皮帶松緊度或者更換皮帶。
④ Improper tightness or aging of power belt. For mechanical hydraulic power supply, if the power supply belt is not tightened properly or aging, there will be abnormal noise. Adjust the belt tightness or replace the belt.
8、發動機護板異響
8. Abnormal noise of engine guard
螺絲在經常運動的車上往往會發生位移,如果經常聽到像是進氣格柵位置發出的“啪啦啪啦”的異響,除了格柵真的松動外,那么車主還是要檢查下發動機護板螺絲是否松動,或者發動機護板與底片發生松動,造成的異響,除了緊固螺絲外,還應該在異響部位墊些紙板類的物品,就可以輕松消除異響。
Screws are often displaced on a moving car. If you often hear abnormal noises like "slapping" from the air inlet grille, in addition to the fact that the grille is really loose, the owner still needs to check whether the screws of the engine guard are loose, or the engine guard and the negative are loose, resulting in abnormal noises, in addition to fastening screws, You should also pad some cardboard items at the abnormal sound part, which can easily eliminate the abnormal sound.
9、前擋風玻璃異響
9. Abnormal noise of front windshield
前風擋玻璃異響雖然影響不大,但是非常的惹人煩。每當車輛行駛到顛簸一點的路面或起伏路面中空位置就會發出“咯吱咯吱”的響聲,起初不注意會認為是中控塑料板卡扣不嚴所發出的,這里給您提個醒也許是跟下面這款車一樣,是前風擋玻璃進塵土發出的。拆掉銜接板做一下清理就可清除異響。
The abnormal noise of the front windshield has little impact, but it is very annoying. Whenever the vehicle travels to a bumpy road or a hollow position on a bumpy road, it will make a "creak" sound. At first, if you don't pay attention, it will be thought that it is caused by the loose buckle of the central control plastic plate. Here is a reminder. It may be caused by the dust in the front windshield like the following car. Remove the connecting plate and clean it to remove the abnormal sound.
10、低速顛簸路段就響:
10. It sounds when the road is bumpy at low speed:
車內儲物格物品,手套箱內物品或者是后加裝電子設備的電線敲打的聲音。有時候這種聲音會通過天花板折射回來,你會覺得是天花板在響。這種情況下,就注意檢查儲物格, 手扶箱內部,眼鏡盒里的太陽鏡鼻架也會響,以及后加裝的行車記錄儀的電線走線是不是松曠。手握拳,在車內部分區域敲擊,當敲擊到某個部位響聲出現時,就近確定整個部位周圍都有什么東西,逐一拿出或固定,在敲打確認,如果響聲消失了,就說明你拿出來或固定住的東西就是異響源。
The knocking sound of items in the storage compartment, items in the glove box or wires with electronic equipment installed in the rear. Sometimes this sound will be refracted back through the ceiling, and you will feel that the ceiling is ringing. In this case, pay attention to check whether the storage compartment, the inside of the hand box, the sunglasses nose frame in the glasses box will also sound, and whether the wiring of the rear mounted tachograph is loose. Hold your fist and knock in some areas of the car. When a sound occurs in a certain part of the car, determine what is around the whole part nearby, take it out or fix it one by one, and confirm it after knocking. If the sound disappears, it means that the thing you take out or fix is the source of abnormal sound.

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