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汽車保養常識主要指的是哪些方面?

來源:http://www.pxhecheng.com發布時間:2021-08-20 14:22:07

談起汽車保養,每一位司機都能聊上幾句,誰都希望自己的汽車美觀出眾,品質超群。其實開車猶如騎馬,好的騎手懂得如何駕馭,也懂得如何喂養。不知喂養,一味加鞭,到頭來良駒也會精疲力盡,倒地而亡。同樣,汽車在遠行中,由于機件磨損、自然腐蝕和其他原因,技術性能將有所下降,如長期缺乏必要的維護,不僅車本身的壽命會縮短,還會成為影響交通安全的一大隱患。
When it comes to car maintenance, every driver can talk a few words. Everyone wants their car to be beautiful and superior in quality. In fact, driving is like riding a horse. Good riders know how to drive and how to feed. If you don't know how to feed and whip blindly, in the end, the good foal will be exhausted and fall to the ground. Similarly, the technical performance of the car will decline due to wear, natural corrosion and other reasons. For example, the long-term lack of necessary maintenance will not only shorten the service life of the car itself, but also become a major hidden danger affecting traffic safety.
所謂汽車保養是指保持和恢復汽車的技術性能,保證汽車具有良好的使用性和可靠性,它包含著很多學問。
The so-called automobile maintenance refers to maintaining and restoring the technical performance of the automobile and ensuring that the automobile has good usability and reliability. It contains a lot of knowledge.
及時正確的保養會使汽車的使用壽命延長,安全性能提高,既省錢又免去許多修車的煩惱。但是,時下"以修代保"的觀念在司機隊伍中仍舊存在,因缺乏保養或保養不當引起的交通事故屢有發生。所以說,及時正確的保養汽車是延長汽車使用壽命、保證行車安全的重要一環。

濟南大眾汽車保養
Timely and correct maintenance will prolong the service life and improve the safety performance of the car, save money and avoid many troubles of car repair. However, at present, the concept of "replacing maintenance with maintenance" still exists in the driver team, and traffic accidents caused by lack of maintenance or improper maintenance often occur. Therefore, timely and correct maintenance of the car is an important link to prolong the service life of the car and ensure driving safety.
我們平時所說的汽車保養,主要是從保持汽車良好的技術狀態,延長汽車的使用壽命方面進行的工作。其實它的內容更廣,包括汽車美容護理等知識,概括起來講,主要有以下三個方面:
What we usually call car maintenance is mainly to maintain the good technical state of the car and prolong the service life of the car. In fact, its content is broader, including knowledge of Automobile beauty care. To sum up, it mainly includes the following three aspects:
一、車體保養。
1、 Car body maintenance.
車體保養又習慣稱為汽車美容。主要目的是清除車體外和車體內的各種氧化和腐蝕,然后加以保護,盡量突出車的"美"。它主要包括:車漆保養,坐墊地毯保養,保險杠、車裙保養,儀表臺保養,電鍍加工保養,皮革塑料保養,輪胎、輪轂保養,擋風玻璃保養,底盤保養,發動機外表保養等。
Car body maintenance is also known as car beauty. The main purpose is to remove all kinds of oxidation and corrosion outside and inside the car body, and then protect it to highlight the "beauty" of the car as much as possible. It mainly includes: car paint maintenance, cushion carpet maintenance, bumper and skirt maintenance, instrument panel maintenance, electroplating processing maintenance, leather and plastic maintenance, tire and hub maintenance, windshield maintenance, chassis maintenance, engine appearance maintenance, etc.
二、車內保養。
2、 In car maintenance.
車體保養是為了使車永葆青春,車內保養的目的則是讓汽車行駛幾十萬公里無大修,保證汽車處在最佳的技術狀態。它主要包括:潤滑系、燃油系、冷卻系、制動系、化油器(噴油嘴)的保養等。
Body maintenance is to keep the car young forever. The purpose of in car maintenance is to make the car run hundreds of thousands of kilometers without overhaul, so as to ensure that the car is in the best technical state. It mainly includes: lubrication system, fuel system, cooling system, braking system, carburetor (nozzle) maintenance, etc.
三、車體翻新。
3、 Car body renovation.
如深劃痕的診斷、治理,多材料保險杠修復,輪轂(蓋)的硬傷修復,皮革、化纖的材料翻新,發動機的顏色翻新等。
For example, the diagnosis and treatment of deep scratches, the repair of multi-material bumpers, the hard damage repair of wheel hubs (covers), the material renovation of leather and chemical fiber, the color renovation of engines, etc.
汽車保養分為定期保養和非定期保養兩大類,定期保養有日常保養、一級保養、二級保養;非定期保養有磨合期保養和季節性保養。汽車保養的主要工作不外乎清潔、檢查、緊定、調整和潤滑等內容。但隨著科學技術和汽車工業的發展,以計算機為主的各種先進技術在汽車上廣泛應用,使未來的汽車逐漸走向智能化,因而汽車保養的內容又被賦予了新的內涵。
Vehicle maintenance is divided into regular maintenance and non regular maintenance. Regular maintenance includes daily maintenance, primary maintenance and secondary maintenance; Unscheduled maintenance includes running in maintenance and seasonal maintenance. The main work of automobile maintenance is nothing more than cleaning, inspection, tightening, adjustment and lubrication. However, with the development of science and technology and automobile industry, various advanced technologies based on computers are widely used in automobiles, which makes the future automobiles gradually move towards intelligence. Therefore, the content of automobile maintenance has been given a new connotation.
汽車保養是一項技術性比較高的復雜工作,單靠司機本人難以完成,需要到汽維修企業去進行。而現在在我國還有一部分汽車維修企業死抱著傳統的保養觀念不放,保養設備和工具陳舊落后,保養方法、手段還是老一套,跟本不適應現代發展的需要。此外,還有個別維修企業的服務質量堪憂,為牟取暴利"黑箱作業",保養中以舊充新、以劣充好,保養費、換件費漫天要價。所以提醒司機們保養汽車時一定要選擇技術力量雄厚、服務質量可靠、信譽好的維修企業,而不要嫌麻煩、圖省錢而不保養汽車,以免因小失大。
Automobile maintenance is a highly technical and complex work, which is difficult to complete by the driver alone. It needs to be carried out in the automobile maintenance enterprise. At present, some automobile maintenance enterprises in China cling to the traditional maintenance concept, the maintenance equipment and tools are old and backward, and the maintenance methods and means are still old-fashioned, which can not meet the needs of modern development. In addition, the service quality of some maintenance enterprises is worrying. In order to make huge profits, "black box operation", the old is used to replace the new, and the bad is used to replace the good. The maintenance fees and replacement fees are sky high. Therefore, remind drivers to choose a maintenance enterprise with strong technical force, reliable service quality and good reputation when maintaining the car, instead of being troublesome and trying to save money without maintaining the car, so as not to lose money for small things.

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